The survey about childhood in the Third World shows that the struggle for survival is long and hard. But in the rich world, children can 36 from a different kind of poverty—of the spirit. 37 , one Western country alone now sees 14,000 attempted suicides(自杀) every year by children under 15, and one child 38 five needs psychiatric(心理) advice.
There are many good things about 39 in the Third World. Take the close and constant relation between children and their parents, relatives and neighbors for example. In the West, the very nature of work puts distance between 40 and children. But in most Third World villages mother and father do not go miles away each day to work in offices. 41 , the child sees mother and father, relations and neighbors working 42 and often shares in that work. A child 43 in this way learns his or her role through joining in the community’s 44 : helping to dig or build, look after animals or babies—rather than 45 playing with water and sand in kindergarten, keeping pets 46 playing with dolls.
These children may grow up with a less oppressive sense of space and time than the 47 children. Their sense of days and time has a lot to do with the change of seasons and positions of the sun or the moon in the sky. Children in the rich world 48 , are provided with a watch as one of the 49 signs of growing up, so that they can 50 along with their parents about being late for school times, meal times, bed times, the times of TV shows...
Third World children do not usually 51 to stay indoors, still less in high-rise apartments. Instead of dangerous roads, “keep off the grass” signs and “don’t speak to strangers”, there is often a sense of 52 to study and play. Parents can see their children outside rather than observe them 53 from ten floors up.
54 , twelve million children under five still die every year through hunger and disease. But childhood in the Third World is not all 55 .
36. A. come B. learn C. suffer D. survive
37. A. As usual B. For instance
C. In fact D. In other words
38. A. by B. in C. to D. under
39. A. childhood B. poverty C. spirit D. survival
40. A. adults B. fathers C. neighbors D. relatives
41. A. Anyhow B. However C. Instead D. Still
42. A. away B. alone C. along D. nearby
43. A. growing up B. living through C. playing D. working
44. A. activity B. life C. study D. work
45. A. by B. from C. through D. with
46. A. and B. but C. or D. so
47. A. Eastern B. good C. poor D. Western
48. A. at any moment B. at the same time
C. on the other hand D. on the whole
49. A. easiest B. earliest C. happiest D. quickest
50. A. care B. fear C. hurry D. worry
51. A. dare B. expect C. have D. require
52. A. control B. danger C. disappointment D. freedom
53. A. anxiously B. eagerly C. impatiently D. proudly
54. A. Above all B. In the end C. Of course D. What’s more
55. A. bad B. good C. rich D. poor
36—40 CBBAA 41—45 CDADC 46—50 CDCBA 51—55 CDACA